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Built in the VAB in KSP version 1.6.1- Making History DLC
- Squad (stock). Root part is Large.Crewed.Lab. (DLC REQUIRED)
Almaz APOS space station (Soviet Russia)
Despite the success of “Test Station” and the Orbiter-Dervied Station, both are considered too heavy to be launched to Munar or Minmus on currently available rockets. While Kerbodyne is working on their Test Station II, the Woomerang Design Bureau instead create a variant of their “Gong” series (first used in Rangong) for a self-contain all-up spacecraft. The LKO version is codenamed “Adamas”.
In order to deomonstrate its “all-up” capability, a modified “Dongmeng” capsule is placed on top of the space station, and the entire assembly would be launched to LKO by a Butalae Hexa YiX1 rocket. The kerbalnauts can then be transferred to the command station to adjust the station as needed, as well as using the research lab and scientific equipments for research and planet observations. A second dockiug port allows crew rotation or even docking of additional modules as demanded.
Real life Notes
As with many Russian military related stuff, there are plenty of bits missing, so it is hard to say whether the idea of a military space station comes first, or that of a civilian space station. What is certain is that the work on Almaz started before N1 or even the announcement of USAS’ MOL. Possibly due to the fact that docking is not perfectly achieved at that time, the Almaz in its original form, the APOS, is also equipped with a return capsule ala the MOL. (This is what this craft represent)
The failure of N1, the success of Apollo landing, and USAS’s MOL annoucement allows more resource be placed on Almaz – or more properly speaking, using Almaz to spring board a space station program. In order to ensure a Soviet space station is in orbit before that of American’s, the OKB-1 took Soyuz’s subsystem and placed them inside an Almaz hull, and thus the Salyut 1 is born. Meanwhile, work on Almaz continued. What actually flew, however, is just the Almaz without the VA capsule, as Salyut 2, 3, and 5, with the crew arrived afterwards in Soyuz.
In the end, just like the American counterpart, the Soviet also realize it is better to have an automated reconnaissance platform, thus Almaz as a military space station was scrapped. Its support craft, TKS and VA, had never carried a crew up or down. Nonetheless, the construction method of Almaz has its legacy with the docking-tunnel within the service module as used for Salyut 6/7, Mir, and ISS-Russian section.
- Type: VAB
- Class: ship
- Part Count: 102
- Pure Stock
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